Short rows is a technique used to insert extra rows invisibly in the middle of the knitting. Avoid creating holes where you turn your work by doing short rows with a wrap (end stitches).
You can use short rows to make curves, soft angles, diamonds, rectangles, wedges and triangles which may be used to make rounded edges at the bottom of a sweater, make sock heels elegantly curved or entrelac knitting. Short rows are also used to make curved knitted pieces like spheres.
You may want to use this method for many situations, ie to add shape to the bust (great for those larger cup sizes) with a smooth transition, below the back neckline, so the neck doesn’t dip down in the back.
Wrap & Turn on a knit row
Wrap & Turn on a purl row
If your pattern says “purl 6, w&t” you would purl 6 sts and then perform the w&t on the 7th stitch as follows:
Photos from knotions
Shaping with short rows eliminates the jagged edges which occur when you bind off a series of stitches, ie at shoulders or on collars. After working short rows at a shoulder, join them to another piece directly from the needles or you can bind off all the stitches at one time.